The Water and Sanitation Crisis in Ghana
The drinking water supply and sanitation sector in Ghana faces a number of challenges, including very limited access to sanitation, intermittent supply, high water losses and low water pressure. More than 80 percent of people in Ghana have access to safe water, but only 13 percent of people have access to improved sanitation.
Dependency on unsafe water sources is higher in rural areas. Due to drinking contaminated water, diarrheal disease is the third most commonly reported illness at health centers across the country and 25 percent of all deaths in children under the age of five are attributed to diarrhea. In addition to lack of sanitation infrastructure, some cultural beliefs and views encourage people in rural areas not to use latrines.
Women and girls are largely responsible for fetching water to carry out various unpaid activities that many cultures still view as the domain of women, including food preparation, care of animals, crop irrigation, the entire household’s personal hygiene, care of the sick, cleaning, washing and waste disposal. The gendered division of labor in water collection tasks deprives women and girls of opportunities to escape the vicious circle of poverty and disempowerment, and perpetuates the intergenerational transfer of poverty, hunger and disempowerment among women and girls.
Updated on 2016-09-07T14:57:14+00:00, by .